备考2017年托福语法解析:过去完成时在间接引语中的用法

托福考试网 鲤鱼小编 更新时间:2017-04-21

    引导动词如果是一般过去时,直接引语中的现在完成时在间接引语中要变成过去完成时:
  He said,‘I’ve been in England for ten years.’
  他说:“我已经在英国住了十年了。”相当于:
  He said that he had been in England for ten years.
  他说他在英国已经住了十年。
  He said,‘When you’ve worked for a year you’ll get a rise.’
  他说:“你工作一年之后,会加工资。”相当于:
  He said that when I’d worked for a year I’d get a rise.
  他说我工作一年之后会加工资。
  She said,‘I’ll lend you the book as soon as I have read it myself.’
  她说:“我一看完这本书就借给你。”相当于:
  She said she’d lend me the book as soon as she’d read it herself.
  她说她一看完那本书就借给我。
  B 直接引语中的一般过去时通常也作同样的变化:
  He said,‘I knew her well.’
  他说:“我过去很了解她。”相当于:
  He said that he had known her well.

  他说他过去很了解她。 

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