备考2017年5月6日新托福考试阅读提分技巧(6)

托福考试网 鲤鱼小编 更新时间:2017-05-11

    新托福阅读回忆:
  文章3:Mapping the World (20161016)
  开头讲15和16世纪。第一段讲到出版商印刷地图,之后讲map的演变。
  传统的地图很大程度受宗教和历史的影响。一个叫P的人开始关注经纬线,所以地图就更精确了,引发了一场很大的改变。
  探索的历程是很曲折的。这种方法使得近的地区被描绘的很精确,但是距离远的地方不能够被很好的描绘,还是得依赖一些不准确的故事和想想。
  人们慢慢知道地球是圆的,同时印刷技术也出现了革新,地图慢慢变成了曲面图。
  此外,除了平面地图之外,还出现了球形的世界地图。
  新托福阅读难点解析:
  Mapping the World
  绘制世界地图
  这篇文章的词汇量、长难句、以及语义的抽象性都达到了较高水准,谁让它是2016年度ETS费尽心思出的新题呢,放到今天来考查,仍然不容小觑。考生可以随意浏览两句话,自测水平:
  例一:A major impulse to the resolution of remaining cartographical difficulties was provided by the growing popularity of globes.
  提示:词汇题impulse to所在考句
  例二:The impact of this technological revolution helps explain the otherwise paradoxical fact that Ptolemy’s Geography was revised and reissued throughout the sixteenth century even as his maps were increasingly shown to be inaccurate.
  提示:第6题细节题“According to paragraph 2, all of the following statements about Ptolemy are true EXCEPT”相关考句
  下面分享两道考题:
  考题1:For most mapmakers, recasting the Ptolemaic worldview required a careful study of travel narratives, newly furnished information, and of course other maps and, as a result, the correct delimitation of geographical space emerged slowly, and not without many setbacks and meandering down blind alleys.(句子简化题)
  The Ptolemaic worldview led mapmakers down blind alleys and into many setbacks, causing them to look for ways to recast that worldview.
  Mapmakers were slow to understand the importance of travel narratives, new information, and other maps for correcting Ptolemaic geography.
  Obtaining a correct understanding of geographical space was slow and marked by setbacks because of its dependence on studying travel narratives and other maps and on the supply of new information.
  Most mapmakers were unsuccessful in recasting the Ptolemaic worldview until a correct delineation of geographical space emerged from the study of travel narratives, other maps, and newly furnished information.
  解析:考点设置:大量生词+复杂句式(多重并列,多重否定not without)+文学化表达(meandering down blind alleys在死胡同里徘徊不前)。整句话意思是:对大多数制图者来说,重新塑造托勒密的世界观需要仔细研究以下内容——关于旅行的记叙、新近提供的信息、以及当然还有其他地图——结果,对地理空间位置的准确定界进展缓慢,并且伴随着许多倒退和停滞。所以,正确答案选C。
  考题2:According to paragraph 1, what was mainly responsible for the great interest in maps among Europeans in the early sixteenth century?
  The new ability of Europe’s publishers to produce high quality wall maps
  The efforts by Europe’s publishers and booksellers to create a new market
  The voyages that Europeans had begun making to the New World
  The new type of spatial awareness that had developed throughout European society

  解析:考点设置:因果关系中的原因寻找。对应考句为段首前3句: (1)During Europe’s medieval period…,maps were based on ancient, limited knowledge and worldviews.(铺垫句) (2)But this changed with the first voyages made by Europeans to the New World….(原因句)(3)Maps became objects of fascination in the sixteenth century, amounting almost to a craze.(结果句)。所以,正确答案选C。 

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