备考2017:2017年英语六级考试改错练习题5

六级考试网 鲤鱼小编 更新时间:2017-04-20

    错误类型逻辑表达错误 2.介词使用错误 3.代词使用错误 4.非谓语动词使用错误 5.主谓语前后不一致错误 6.名词的使用错误 7.冠词的使用错误 8.词性使用错误 9.句子结构的错误10.时态语态和语气的使用错误 11.易混淆词的使用错误。
 
  易混淆词的使用错误
 
  英语词汇中有很多词在拼写上、语义上很相似,如 assure/ensure , rise/arise/raise , effect/affect ,但是它们的用法却迥然不同。这些易混淆的词构成六级改错的一个重要错误类型,也是比较难的一种类型,这个需要考生在平时的学习过程中注意知识的积累,并多做些总结和归纳,从中找出一些规律。
 
  例 1 His persistence was awarded when the car finally started. 1.__________
 
  句中“ award ”是“颁发,授予(奖赏)”之义,而文中要表达的意思是“汽车终于启动了,那就是对他坚持不懈精神的回报”,应把 award 改成 reward .
 
  例 2 Deciding how much discomfort and risk we are prepared to put up with in the name of better health is a highly personal matter, not a decision we should remain to doctors 1.__________ alone.
 
  “ remain ”意为“保持,仍然”,是一个表示状态的动词,其用法和系动词“ be ”相似,后面所接成分一般是名词或形容词,作表语,而“ leave sth. to sb. ”意思是“把某物留给某人”。本句很明显是“ leave…to… ”的句型,所以应该把 remain 改为 leave .
 
  例 3 Of course the press means more than newspaper. A vast
 
  amount of magazines are published, aimed at readers 1.__________interested in all sorts of subjects.
 
  因为 amount 表示数量时只与不可数名词连用,而本句中后面所接名词为“ magazines ”,是复数名词,应该使用表示复数形式的 number ,故应该把 amount 改为 number .
 
  例 4 Today, flint has small importance as an industrial product. 1.__________“small”用于表示人或物的体积尺寸,不能修饰抽象名词 importance ,因此应把 small 改为可以修饰不可数抽象名词的 little .
 
  练习题
 
  1 Industry officials predicted that mobile communications
 
  service will soon be comparative in many respects to the 1.__________
 
  service provided by telephone that do not move.
 
  2 In today's society, “Smoking effects your health” has 2.__________
 
  become a warning which is known to almost every house hold.
 
  3 For his outstanding achievements in graduate teaching
 
  he is held in big esteem by his students and colleagues. 3.__________
 
  4 Supersonic craft may disturb the upper atmosphere to
 
  such an extent that dangerous radiation from the sun might
 
  reach the earth, with unimaginative effects on life there. 4.__________
 
  5 In the late nineteen century, farm work and life were not 5.__________
 
  much changed from what they had been in the old days.
 
  6 Deciding how much discomfort and risk we are prepared
 
  to put up with in the name o better health is a high personal 6.__________
 
  matter, not a decision we should remain to doctors alone. 7.__________
 
  7 Whenever the subject of smoking and health is risen, 8.__________
 
  the governments of most countries hears no evil, see no evil
 
  and smell no evil.
 
  8 If I were to live my life over again, I would pay more
 
  attention to the cultivation of the memory. I would strengthen
 
  that faculty by every possible mean, and on every possible 9.__________
 
  occasion.
 
  9 The government of most countries spending huge sum of
 
  money for international defense. 10.__________
 
  答案解析:
 
  1. comparative→comparable.当仅仅表达“比较的,比较性的”意思,而没有涉及到具体的比较时,应该用第一个词,但是当设计到具体的两者之间的比较时,则应该使用comparable.此句属于第二种情况。   2. effects→affects.“effect”当作为动词使用时,表示“产生,引起,实现”的意思,作为名词时才是“影响,效果”,显然不符合,应该使用affect,意思是“影响”。
 
  3. big→high.
 
  4. unimaginative→unimaginable.该句中所要表达的是“难以想象的”,而unimaginative是“没有想像力的”意思,不符合句意。
 
  5. nineteen→nineteenth.
 
  6. high→highly.
 
  7. remain→leave.
 
  8. risen→raised.
 
  9. mean→means.
 

  10. international→national.表示“国防”的意思时应该使用national defense. 

相关推荐:

2017年大学英语六级作文佳句背诵复习笔记汇总

2017年大学英语六级阅读理解每年必做练习题汇总

专题汇总