备考2017:2017年英语六级考试改错练习题3

六级考试网 鲤鱼小编 更新时间:2017-04-20

时态语态和语气的使用错误
  1. 时态错误。 主要是指在一个句子中,出现不同的时态,从而造成时态不一致,如: He can't remember what he once knows.
  2. 语态错误。 在 cet6 综合改错题中最常见的语态错误是被动语态被误用为主动语态。不及物动词不能带宾语,因而也就没有被动语态。如: She was very angry at not telling the truth when she listened to the account.
  3. 虚拟语态错误。 此类使用错误在综合改错题中主要表现为主语和从句的语气不协调,如: We strongly suggest that Henry is told about his physical condition as soon as possible. 句中动词 suggest 之后的从句应用虚拟语气,故“ is ”应该 “ be ”或“ should be ”。类似的动词还有 demand , insist , order 等等。
  例 1 These newly wedded couples usually came here and meet 1.__________
  together to hold parties.
  由于前面的时态已经限制为过去时,而且 came 和 meet 是并列结构,两者时态应该保持一致,因此应该将 meet 改为 met ,或者将 came 改为 come ,具体情况依据上下文的语境时态而定。
  例 2 Computer analyzed marketing reports can help deciding which products to emphasize now, which to develop for the future, and which to be dropped. 1.__________
  本句中三个平行成分 which products to emphasize now , which to develop for the future 和 which to be dropped 结构模式应该一致,均采用不定式主动语态,因而 to be dropped 应改为 to drop .
  例 3 In the first place, the scientist at once put some
  kind of material into the liquid which has already 1.__________ securely obtained.
  根据句子意思可知,此处的 liquid 不可能为动作的发生者,显然此处应该是被动语态,故应该将 has 改为 is 或者在 has 后加 been 均可,意思是指“已经安全获得的液体”。
  例 4 Did they gone there yesterday, they would have discovered 1.__________ the truth.
  根据句子意思可知,这句话是说如果他们昨天去了就会发现事实真相,然而他们并未去,此处是虚拟语气,因此应该使用虚拟语气的格式,将 Did 改为 Had .
  练习题
  1 These small households were portraits of
  independence: the entire family, mother, father,
  children, even grandparents live in a small house
  and working together to support each other. 1.__________
  2 In the meantime the unscientific world awoke
  to the fact that scientists are on the track of a great 2.__________
  discovery.
  3 For in 1895, the year of the Curie marriage,
  Roentgen discovered the famous rays that are 3.__________
  named after him—— he forerunners of modern
  X-rays.
  4 Mary hoped at one time to study at the University
  of Cracow, then under Austrian rule. But when she
  demanded to allowed to attend science lectures, the 4.__________
  secretary said that science was not a thing in which
  women can meddle.
  5 Many part-time stu dents expected to offered some 5.__________
  jobs on campus during the coming summer vacation.
  6 Many people who live in London think that life in
  a large city offered special advantages. 6.__________
  7 The changes that taken place in air travel during 7.__________
  the last sixty years would have seemed impossible
  to even the most Brilliant scientists at the turn of
  the 19th century.
  8 I regret having left the work unfinished, I should
  have plan every thing ahead carefully. 8.__________
  9 No bank kept enough cash to pay all its depositors 9.__________
  in full at one time.
  10 The Conestoga wagon, used for carry heavy loads 10.__________
  over long distances, originated around 1725 in a region
  of Pennsylvania occupied by Conestoga Indians.
  答案解析:
  1. working→work.此句总体上讲述的是这些小家庭独立的掠影,而后半句解释到这些小家庭的成员生活在一起、工作在一起的情景,应该用一般现在时,和live保持一致。
  2. are→were.
  3. are→were.
  4. allow前加be.“be allowed to do sth.”是“被允许作……”的意思。
  5. offered前加be.“offer”是及物动词,后面应该接双宾语结构,即“offer sb. sth.”而在该句中缺少成分而只有宾语补主语,应该将其改为被动语态,即“be offered sth.”
  6. offered→offers.
  7. taken前加have.
  8. plan→planned.
  9. kept→keep.

  10. carry→carrying. 

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